In experiment 9.1, we learn local representatives in an ensemble of 123 images of animal heads. Around each image, we learn a template from this image and its K nearest neighbors, using an iterative scheme based on the log-likelihood with sigmoid transformation. Specifically, we first learn a template for this single image where no activity is allowed. Then using the learned template, we find K nearest neighbors based on the likelihood score, where activity is restored. After that we re-learn the template from these K nearest neighbors. In our experiment, K = 5. Then again, we find the K-nearest neighbors, and iterate. After learning all the templates, we trim them to satisfy the constraint that the neighbors of the remaining templates should not overlap (this may be too aggressive). This leaves 15 templates.

(1) data, codes, and readme for local learning based on sigmoid model (March 2009)

Experiment 9.1. The 15 representative templates locally learned by the sigmoid model. They are ordered by the total likelihood scores. Image size is 100*100. Number of elements is 40. Number of iteration is 3 for learning each template. The allowed activity of location is up to 2 pixels. The allowed activity of orientation is up to pi/15. eps

The following are the 15 templates and their corresponding 5 nearest neighbors.

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(1.1) Code that pools q() from 2 large natural images (May 2009)

(1.2) Code with local normalization (August 2009)

Experiment 9.1. The scale parameter is 1. The half window size for local normalization of filter responses is 20. The image size is 150*150. Number of elements is 40. The allowed activity of location is up to 3 pixels. eps

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(1.3) Code with self among the neighbors and with a weight (November 2009)

(2) another example (March 2009)

(2.1) Code that pools q() from 2 large natural images (May 2009)

Experiment 9.2. We use the images in Experiments 1.4 and 1.5, and the first 12 images in Experiment 3.2. The image length is 120. All the images share the same central horizontal line. Number of elements is 60. All the other parameters are the same as Experiment 9.1. eps

The following are the 3 templates and their corresponding 5 nearest neighbors.

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(2.2) Code with local normalization (September 2009)

Experiment 9.2. Filter responses are normalized with a local window whose half size is 20x20. Scale parameter = .7. Number of elements is 45. All the other parameters are the same as Experiment 9.1. eps

The following are the 3 templates and their corresponding 5 nearest neighbors.

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(3) data, codes, and readme for local learning of digits (June 1, 2009)

Experiment 9.4. The 21 templates locally learned by active correlation. Number of images is 200, image size is 60*60. Original data (28*28) are taken from MNIST data set. Number of elements is 15. Number of iteration is 3 for learning each template. The allowed activity of location is up to 2 pixels. The allowed activity of orientation is up to pi/15. eps

The following are the 21 templates and their corresponding 5 nearest neighbors.

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(4) data, codes, and readme for local learning of horses (June 1, 2009)

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The 20 locally learned templates sequentially selected by maximizing a truncated log-likelihood score. The 912 images are 84 $\times$ 105. The number of nearest neighbors is 20. The number of elements is 40. Other parameters are the same as in the previous experiments.

(4.1) Code with local normalization of filter responses (September 2009)

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Half size of local window is 20x20. The threshold for sequential selection is 90.

(5) another example (August 2009)

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The following are the 5 templates and their corresponding 5 nearest neighbors.

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(6) Code with local normalization (August 2009)

Local normalization is necessary for the algorithm to avoid excessively sketching the decorations on the cups.

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The following are the 4 templates and their corresponding 10 nearest neighbors.

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(7) Code with local normalization (August 2009)

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The following are the 5 templates and their corresponding 10 nearest neighbors.

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In experiment 9 (outdated), we learn local representatives in an ensemble of 123 images of animal heads. Around each image, we learn a template from this image and its K nearest neighbors, using an iterative scheme based on the active correlation. Specifically, we first learn a template for this single image where no activity is allowed. Then using the learned template, we find K nearest neighbors by active correlation, where activity is restored. After that we re-learn the template from this image and its K nearest neighbors. The weight for each of the K nearest neighbors is 1, whereas the weight for this image is $\rho K$. In our experiment, K = 5, and $\rho$ = 1/3. Then again, we find the K-nearest neighbors, and iterate. After learning all the templates, we trim them to satisfy the constraint that the neighbors of the remaining templates should not overlap (this may be too aggressive). This leaves 16 templates.

The local learning identifies the local dimensions and local "metric" in the image ensemble.

(1) data, codes, and readme for local learning based on active correlation

(1.1) data and codes based on likelihood

(1.2) results of k-mean clustering intialized by local learning

The last two clusters are removed because each of them only contains one image.

(2) another example

results of k-mean clustering

Again we use the learned templates to initialize k-mean. We did not perform merging.

All the 200 templates

Listed in the descending order of active correlation scores.

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